The first time Waseem Daher, Jessica McKellar and Jeff Arnold worked together at startup, they built one that allowed administrators to patch security updates on a system without having to restart it.

So it is surprising that the next big technical challenge that the three graduates of MIT want to raise is accounting . But after selling Ksplice to Oracle in 2011, it’s actually the financial accounting software they’ve built internally that has dropped the jaws of Oracle’s financial teams, Daher said. They had created an internal version of QuickBooks that was constantly updated, keeping a close eye on their expenses and accounting and not using an accountant to do this, out of sheer frustration with the process. And today, it is essentially Pilot, a start-up that has raised $ 15 million in a round table led by Index Ventures.

“If you look at the history of accounting, it goes back to the 1400s,” Daher said. “Probably the oldest written documents were transactions.” Around 1400, we invented double-entry accounting, a system that lets you know how money comes in and out of different corporate accounts. Stated in 1400 in Venice, is basically what people do in all US companies today.You hire an accountant or an accounting firm, you send them all your stuff and they follow and produce the company. The way it’s done today is the same as in the ’90s, the’ 40s. “

When a company starts working with Pilot, the basic experience of the client side does not really change much: they always work with a human on the other end. But Pilot’s accountant works with the internal tools they’ve built to introduce business data, organize and structure them, and produce a more accurate set of books than anyone else’s. could have produced only to do it by hand. . Customers will have the kinds of questions you might expect from a normal accountant because they seek to clarify what is happening, but in the end, the process happens much more easily. They can integrate directly into their existing services like Expensify or Gusto (or ask Pilot to help them) and then go from there.

This type of software mix is ​​becoming more common in service companies – like Pilot – as the technology industry determines what should automate and what should still to be managed by one person. There are still many things that a person can catch, but there is also the real human relationship, which is not a kind of repetitive task that you would like to automate with an algorithm. For starters, Pilot is not trying to force companies to completely tear up their accounting software and start over, and instead start collecting the electronic information they already have.

“Uber is like that, the pilots are humans but the software makes them much more efficient,” said Mike Volpi of Index Ventures . “You can see it in many applications where, in computer support, there are some companies like this, you troubleshoot using software, and when you can not fix it, pass it to humans In customer service discussions, most of the time it’s an AI, and when the issues get pretty tricky, it goes to humans .It’s interesting because there are tasks that humans basically need and that there are mundane tasks that software can do and that the human can avoid.It is an interesting thesis around this hybrid. “

Before Pilot, the team sold another company to Dropbox called Zulip, and spent time in the company while it was continuing to evolve (Dropbox is becoming public) . Part of the challenge involved somehow bringing together a team fascinated with the intersection of accounting, machine learning and direct work with clients, but until now, McKellar said that They had managed to create one up to now. And, more importantly, now that they are starting to roll out their service, they can begin to get an idea of ​​the industry as a whole.

“I think people can be motivated by almost any problem if you know that you are dealing with a big problem for a lot of people,” said McKeller. “But there is a lot of subtlety in what we build.” The rules and principles of accounting are well defined, but the real world is really messy, and the design of the right systems to automate large-scale accounting is actually a tricky thing.We have an amazing engineering team that is able to tackle this with the right state of mind.The analogy that you can pull is that of autonomous cars – this is 39 is a system normally made by a human, everyone understands what it takes to drive a car, what steps you should take.It is difficult for people to formulate words, what are the rules from of a set of inputs, but it must work and be reliable. “

As more and more of this information arrives, and more and more companies start working with Pilot, they can begin to spot trends in the industry. For example, if a 17th SaaS company with a business model similar to other pilot companies sign, they could take a look at their information and spot potential discrepancies based on anonymized trend data sourced from other companies. 39, others comparable in the industry – or do a better job of detecting inefficiencies or others. And there are already obvious funnels for that, like getting the right information for tax purposes for accountants.

There is going to be a lot of growing activity in this space, though. Already, you see funded projects like Botkeeper, looking to find ways to automate a bookkeeping service. There is nothing more formal and an obvious tool that seems to remove QuickBooks (and, again, many of them seem to be playing well at the moment), and there is always the possibility that Intuit can try to take the space itself. But at the end of the day, Volpi says that it’s based on the team they’ve assembled – and this combination of humans and algorithms – that gives them a chance to succeed.

“If you look at a fundamental level, accounting for the doctor’s office or the florist, it’s really all the same underlying principles,” McKellar said. “One of the engineering challenges is to build tooling, systems and software in a clever way. It has to act a whole set of processes being able to adapt flexibly to each vertical over time.In a certain sense, this business, why we brought it up, was to validate a huge assumption – it’s possible to automate the large-scale accounting in a range of industries. “

Here are the rest of the investors in this round because it’s a long list: Patrick and John Collison, Drew Houston, Diane Greene, Frederic Kerrest, Hans Robertson, Adam D’s Angelo, Paul English, Howard Lerman, Joshua Reeves, Tien Tzuo, as well as many others.